The word „ Eczema “ comes from ancient greek’s „έκζεμα” which was used to indicate blisters and any cutaneous transudate. In modern medicine it is used to indicate a number of different conditions with similar clinical, histopathological and evolutive aspects which are generated by different causal agents.
Symptoms can vary significantly, however there are signs that are common for all of them including skin redness, itching, swelling and blisters which are often followed by scarring which reduces the skin elasticity. Typical affected areas are hands, wrists, face, back of the knees and arms folds. Newborns and children are also often affected by the disease.
There are many different classifications for the disease as its causes, location and presentations can vary from case to case. A simple classification differentiates between allergy-related eczema and non-allergy-related-eczema.
Common types of eczema include atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis.
The main aim of the treatment is to control the symptoms and relive the itching. Some lifestyle changes can also be made to prevent rashes and itchiness, those include:
- Avoide harsh soap as soaps in general strip the skin of its natural oils
- Use moisturizing creams multiple times a day and especially after showers
- Avoid any product that contains chemicals, additives and scents. Cleansers, grass or house cleaning products are the often triggers.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to extreme temperatures
- Avoid too much sweat or try to shower as soon as you have sweated or are overheated
- Don’t scratch the patches
For any medication consult your dermatologist.
Written by Tablo Mohammad
Dermatologia e Venereologia edited by Edizioni Minerva Medica